Monuments and attractions in Moscow

Discover Moscow's most important monuments and most popular tourist attractions and make the most of your time in the Russian capital.

Unmissable monuments and tourist attractions


The Kremlin - a historical fortified citadel - is at the heart of Moscow and is one of Russia's most emblematic sights.

Red Square

Known for its striking buildings - as large as they are elegant - Red Square is the heart and soul not just of Moscow but of Russia as a whole.

Saint Basil's Cathedral

St Basil's Cathedral is the symbol of Moscow. Its iconic brightly coloured, exquisitely carved architecture is the stuff of fairytales.

Bolshoi Theatre

Built in 1825, the mythical Bolshoi Theatre is Russia's best-known ballet and opera house and one of the most important in the world.

Kazan Cathedral

A small but perfectly formed Orthodox church on Red Square, Kazan Cathedral radiates charm from its fairytale architecture.

Novodevichy Convent

Founded in 1524, the Novodevichy Convent remains a functioning monastery. In the past, it housed many women of the Russian nobility.

Ostankino Tower

Moscow's Ostankino Tower is a TV and radio tower with an observation deck that for years was the tallest building in the world.

All-Russia Exhibition Centre

Built in 1939, the All-Russia Exhibition Centre, or VDNKh, is a leisure park designed to showcase the socialist economy and lifestyle.

Bunker 42

Built as a command post for the Soviet Union's nuclear forces, Bunker 42 displays one of the USSR's best-kept secrets.

GUM Galleries

Located in the mythical Red Square, the GUM department store is the most important shopping centre in Moscow and throughout Russia.

Lenin's Mausoleum

Built during the Soviet era, Lenin's Mausoleum is a monument located in Red Square showing Lenin's embalmed body.

Spasskaya Tower

Spasskaya Tower is the tallest and most striking tower in the Kremlin in Moscow. Its enormous clock marks the official time of the city.

Peter the Great Statue

Loved by some and hated by others, the statue of Peter the Great is one of Moscow's most controversial monuments and one of the world's tallest statues.

Tverskaya Street

Lively throughout the day and night, Tverskaya Street is Moscow's most emblematic avenue and one of the city's most popular shopping areas.

Victory Park

Created as an important outdoor monument, Moscow's Victory Park pays tribute to the triumph of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War.